International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Management

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CROSS BORDER MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS ALONG WITH REGULATIONS OF OVERSEAS INVESTMENT AND SEBI 

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CROSS BORDER MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS ALONG WITH REGULATIONS OF OVERSEAS INVESTMENT AND SEBI 

Author: Gaurang Sharma LLM (Business Law), Amity University Noida U.P

 

ABSTRACT

Cross-border mergers and overseas investments by “Alternative Investment Funds” (AIFs) and “Venture Capital Funds” (VCFs) are two significant mechanisms facilitating capital movement across borders in the globalized economy. This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the regulatory frameworks and operational dynamics of both mechanisms, comparing and contrasting their objectives, entities involved, regulatory requirements, and risk-reward profiles.

Cross-border mergers involve the consolidation of companies from different jurisdictions, aiming to achieve synergies, expand market presence, or leverage complementary strengths. The regulatory landscape governing cross-border mergers includes provisions under the Companies Act, of 2013, “The Foreign Exchange Management Act” (FEMA), and Competition Act, of 2002, among others. These mergers entail adherence to complex legal and regulatory frameworks, including approvals from regulatory authorities, compliance with foreign exchange laws, and fulfilment of competition norms. Despite the potential benefits, cross-border mergers also pose integration challenges, cultural differences, and regulatory uncertainties.

In contrast, overseas investments by AIFs/VCFs enable domestic investors to diversify their portfolios by accessing opportunities in offshore companies, typically startups or emerging enterprises. The regulatory framework for these investments is overseen by the “Securities and Exchange Board of India” (SEBI) and includes guidelines, circulars, and compliance requirements. While regulatory compliance is necessary, the process may be relatively streamlined compared to cross-border mergers.

Furthermore, the paper discusses the distinct objectives, entities involved, and risk-reward profiles of cross-border mergers and overseas investments by AIFs/VCFs. Cross-border mergers primarily involve established companies seeking strategic alliances or expansion opportunities, while AIFs/VCFs focus on deploying capital into high-growth opportunities, often at early stages of development.

Overall, understanding the nuances of both mechanisms is crucial for businesses, investors, and policymakers to navigate the complexities of the globalized economy and make informed decisions regarding cross-border transactions.


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