International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Management

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ISSN: 2583-6129

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

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DISASTER MANAGEMENT USING WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Balakumaran Durairaj1, Divya Vani.R2, Ishrath Begum.I3, Kavipriya.K.S4, Varsha A.J5

Assistant Professor1, UG Students2,3,4,5

Department of ECE, S.A. Engineering College, Thiruverkadu, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

 

Abstract: The frequency of extxxcsreme climate phenomena is rising due to global climate change, and these phenomena are becoming more severe in terms of both human casualties and economic losses. To handle these tragedies, authorities need to be better prepared. A reliable system for catastrophe detection and alerting can aid in minimizing the destruction of lives and property. Wireless sensor networks are quite helpful in this area and play a significant role in wireless data transfer. With wireless sensor networks, we can instantly start the rescue effort and lessen the impact of natural disasters like floods, tsunamis, and hurricanes. With the use of a disaster detection and warning system that uses wireless sensors, Tectonic shifts in the Earth's crust that occur suddenly are what generate earthquakes and landslides. Telecommunications infrastructures suffer severe losses after major disasters. Location of the largest earthquakes by magnitude: Sumatra, Indonesia, and the Indian Ocean 9.2 magnitude. While measuring the earth's shock waves, such as p- and s-waves and soil water levels, earthquake sensors and soil moisture sensors are employed. These sensors are connected to sensor nodes, which are connected to cluster nodes, which are connected to base stations. Wireless sensor network is the name of this network (WSN). This study will examine technical possibilities for disaster management. WSN can take the position of the conventional network for disaster management, which uses a lot of expensive infrastructure like landlines and optical cable networks. Wireless networks have many benefits over conventional wired networks, including being inexpensive and simple to maintain.

 

Keywords: Sensing Node, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).


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