International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Management

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ISSN: 2583-6129

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GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY FROM WASTE PAPERS AND PLASTIC.

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GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY FROM WASTE PAPERS AND PLASTIC.

 

 Tamboli faiz, Moin shubham, Shelke omkar, Borshe somanath

 Department of Chemical Engineering

Padmashri Dr.VitthalraoVikhe Patil Institute of

Technology & Engineering (Polytechnic), Loni 413736

(2023-24)

Email:  tambolifaiz00@gmail.com

Abstract - A waste-to-energy plant effectively addresses the dual challenges of waste management and energy production by converting waste materials, such as plastics and paper, into electricity. This project particularly targets the issue of waste management in Nigerian cities, where waste plastics pose significant environmental and health risks. Through the incineration of these materials, not only is waste volume drastically reduced by approximately 80-95%, but the process also generates a considerable amount of electricity. Employing a “Zaar box” for combustion, the heat generated converts water into steam, driving a turbine to produce electricity. This electricity is then stored in batteries for various uses, such as lighting bulbs, showcasing a live demonstration of energy production from waste. The study supports its viability with a detailed analysis of the energy potential of waste plastics, suggesting significant contributions to Nigeria’s energy supply and offering a sustainable solution to both waste surplus and power shortages The waste-to-energy project in Raj Shahi City utilizes everyday waste materials, such as plastics and paper, to generate electricity. The city produces approximately 3083 kg of waste daily, which is incinerated to produce around 12 MW of power, effectively reducing the frequency of load shedding in the area. This method not only provides a reliable source of energy but also significantly diminishes the volume of waste, reducing the need for landfill space by 80-95%.

Keywords: 1)Waste materials, 2)Generate Electricity, 3)Heating penal, 3)Zaar box, 4)Bulb glowing.


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