International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Management

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Study the impact of different parameters on driving range of electric vehicle using Matlab Simulink

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Study the impact of different parameters on driving range of electric vehicle using Matlab Simulink

 

Sanpreet Singh1, Baljeet Singh2, Arshdeep Kaur3, Satinder Singh4

1,2,3,4Department of Electrical Engineering, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

1Email: er.sanpreetsingh@gmail.com

2Email: er.sikand@gmail.com

3Email: arshkailay@gmail.com

4Email: satinderubhi7@gmail.com

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Abstract - The use of electric vehicles (EVs) has been on the rise due to their eco-friendliness and sustainability as a mode of transportation. Nonetheless, potential buyers remain apprehensive about the limited range of EVs, which can be attributed to their high battery consumption, thus posing a major concern. The purpose of this research is to examine how various factors, such as mass, slope angle, rolling resistance coefficient, and speed, affect the distance an electric vehicle can travel, utilizing MATLAB Simulink for analysis. The study involves the development of a simulation model of an EV, where the various parameters can be adjusted and their effects on the driving range can be analyzed. The MATLAB Simulink software is utilized to create a simulation model, offering a robust means of modelling and simulating dynamic systems. The model's accuracy is confirmed through the utilization of real-world data from an electric vehicle commercially available in the market. Our study’s findings suggest that the incline of the surface, the rolling coefficient, and the speed of the electric vehicle (EV) have a considerable influence on its driving range. As these factors increase, there is a substantial decrease in the range of the EV. Likewise, an increase in the vehicle's weight leads to a decrease in its driving range. The EV owner has control over all the parameters that are being examined in this study, which enables them to enhance the range of their EV by optimizing said parameters. Based on our findings, we suggest that electric vehicle (EV) driver should prioritize reducing the weight of their vehicles to enhance battery efficiency.  In addition, it's advisable to maintain a moderate speed and avoid steep inclines to minimize battery consumption. Moreover, choosing a road type of a lower rolling coefficient could also be beneficial.

 

To summarize, our study shows that the use of MATLAB Simulink to analyze EV parameters can effectively reduce battery consumption, which ultimately leads to an increase in the driving range of electric vehicles. These results are significant because they offer useful guidance to electric vehicle owners who wish to improve their vehicle's energy efficiency. By doing so, they can encourage the widespread adoption of electric automobiles.

 

Keywords— Electric Vehicle, Battery Electric Vehicle Driving Range, Electric Vehicle Simulation, Electric Vehicle Parameters


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