Understanding Endometriosis “An Elusive Condition”
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Understanding Endometriosis “An Elusive Condition"
Endometriosis is a persistent condition that can have a consequential effect on a woman's life. It develops when the tissue lining the insides of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of the uterus, mainly on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvis (peritoneum). This tissue then bleeds and breaks down the same way as the tissue inside the uterus, but outside of the uterus, there is no way to exit the body. This can lead to a range of symptoms, including painful periods (dysmenorrhea), pain during coupling, infertility, and digestive problems. It can happen to any woman of viable age but is most commonly observed in women between the ages of 25 and 35. The World Health Organization estimates that endometriosis affects 10 %( approx. 190 million) of women worldwide. As per a 2022 study published in the journal “Human Reproduction” India, China, the US, the UK, and Brazil are the top 5 countries with the highest number of cases.